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Instead, we'll start with the coinage of the Hasmonean and Herodian rulers, which together comprise the most substantial part of ancient Jewish coinage, and we’ll continue through to provincial coins struck well into the third century A. One of his coins, a lepton which shows a palm branch and a lily, is illustrated here. His personal interest in warfare and his desire to "Hellenize" his court, however, brought him into conflict with the Pharisees, who preferred that their high priest pay attention to his priestly duties and strictly obey the laws of the Torah. C., as the Roman Republic collapsed under the weight of civil war. 48/9 the Romans entrusted him with increasingly greater territories. Base metal coins of the war have different inscriptions, including “the freedom of Zion” and “to the redemption of Zion”. Judaea Capta coins One of the most significant 'victory' coinages issued by the Romans trumpets their victory in the Jewish War (A. Illustrated here is a sestertius of Vespasian from A. 71 that shows the emperor's portrait and on its reverse a bound Jewish captive and a mourning Jewess flanking a palm tree, the Roman symbol for Judaea. The series consists of silver and base metal issues, each attributable to one of the three years of the war. Aelia Capitolina Provincial Coinage The Romans struck coins at no less than 37 cities in the region of ancient Judaea, comprising a field colloquially known as "city coins." Jerusalem was already millennia old by the time its ruins were "founded" as a Roman colony under the name Aelia Capitolina. After being the object of insult on these grounds, Jannaeus is said to have killed 6,000 Jews, which launched a costly and brutal civil war. Because Rome had so great an influence throughout the Mediterranean, "local" rulers often would be forced to choose sides between Rome and its enemies. 37-44), Agrippa II was not made king immediately upon his father’s death due to his youth. His loyalty to Rome is revealed by the fact that he still was allowed to rule after the First Jewish War (A. 66-70), which occurred in the midst of his 50-year reign. While the reverse names Agrippa II, the obverse is devoted to Titus, the general who sacked Jerusalem in 70 and more than a decade later became emperor of Rome. Designs and inscriptions betray the sincerity of the struggle, which makes these coins all the more popular with collectors. Valerius Gratus was the Roman Procurator of Judaea under Tiberus just prior to Pontius Pilatus. Date: issued in AD 18 to 19 (5th year of Tiberius). Date: undated, attributed to year 3 which is AD 134 to 135. As with all Zuz, this coin is over struck on an earlier coin, but the strike is so strong that only traces of that earlier coin are visible around the edges, and not enough to identify the undertype.
Fortunately, this field offers much for collectors to learn and with even more left to discover, there is unlikely to be a dull moment in a lifetime of collecting. In all, 15 men held the post, though only seven are known to have issued coins, all of which were small, base metal pieces known by the name prutah. 66-70 The first of two full-scale wars waged by the Romans in Judaea, the Jewish War began in May of A. 66 with attacks by Jewish militants on Roman garrisons. 117-138), whose image appears on coins of struck at Aelia. Greek Coins Greece & Islands Italy & West Asia & Africa Hellenistic Celtic Jewish Parthian Sassanian Persia & India Coin Index Ancient Medieval Modern China Primitive Antiquities Placing An Order Upcoming Shows Reference Guide Judaea. As could be expected, the Judaeans found this to be offensive and, led by Shim'on Ben Cosiba, revolted against Roman authority. (reference GIC - Greek Imperial Coinage and S - Greek Coins and Their Values) During the reign of Hadrian, the Romans prohibited circumcision and decided to found a Roman city on the site of Jerusalem. Grade: VG/g F with a very dark brown (nearly black) patina, with earthy highlights. Obverse: Hebrew inscription reading "Shimon", inside of a wreath. Grade: XF with a very strong strike with no significant part of the design not struck up (one of the strongest I have seen).